MODULE 6: The WWW and Other Sources of Information:
Section 4 of 4, DISCUSSION, page 1 of 1.


When writing a paper, the information source you used (the book, article, Web site) is the thing you document (create citations and references for).

An information source is the motion picture you saw, not the theater you saw it in, the car you drove to the theater, the road you took, or the directions to the theater.

Is the Internet an information source?

No. The Internet is a highway on which information travels.

Is the WWW an information source?

No. The WWW is a way to travel on the Internet.

How about browsers or search engines?


Browsers are vehicles on which you travel the way of the WWW.

Search engines are maps to help you travel the WWW.

So the the information is at the destination of your travels, right? It is the thing you find when you arrive at an Internet address.

RIGHT! It's the Web site, it's the annual report, it's the photograph, or it's the speech you find as you travel on the information superhighway.


Documentation examples for information sources accessed via the World Wide Web.

While books and articles are the most common sources of information for college research projects, the documentation guides (books that tell you how to do it), discussed in Module 8 of this tutorial, also provide instruction on documenting all types of sources, including those from the Internet.

Additionally, the Library provides publications to assist with this process. Citing the World Wide Web in Style: Guides for American Psychological Association (APA), Modern Language Association (MLA), Chicago, and Turabian.

Here are a few examples, in the American Psychological Association (APA) style.

NOTE: The screen display width of the following references have been shortened on purpose in order to help ensure a presentation which is consistent with that which is prescribed for references, i.e., double spaced with indentions for all but the first entry line. (Should you be printing this, or other pages of this tutorial on which references appear, printing in the landscape orientation [11 x 8 1/2 rather than 8 1/2 x 11] , should allow references to display properly.)

Annual report (corporate):

Harley-Davidson, Inc. (2007). Harley-Davidson, Inc.,

     2006 summary annual report. Retrieved from

Audio podcast:

Van Nuys, D. (Producer). (2007, May 8). Peak performance

     sports psychology [Show 88]. Shrink Rap Radio. Podcast

     retrieved from


Pedantic. (n.d.). In Merriam-Webster's online dictionary.

     Retrieved June 5, 2007 from


Arlig, A. (2006). Medieval mereology. In The Stanford

     encyclopedia of philosophy. Retrieved March 6, 2007


Newspaper article:

JWCC seeking tutors for literacy program (2007, August 25).

     Hannibal Courier-Post. Retrieved from

Online community postings:


JWCC seeking tutors for literacy program (2007, August 25).

     Hannibal Courier-Post. Retrieved from

Another example:

Wilson, M. (2007, August 27). Past 50, and still running into the

     flames. New York Times. Retrieved from

Press release.

Advanced Micro Devices. (2006, July 24). AMD and ATI to create

     processing powerhouse [Press release]. Retrieved from


Guterman, J. (2006, September 22). Albert Ellis and Rational

     Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT) [Video file]. Video posted


Technical or research report.

Duke, M.B., Hoffman, S.J., & Snook, K. (2003). Lunar surface

     reference missions: A description of human and robotic

     surface activities. Retrieved from

Web page/site.

Morenus, D. (1997). The real Pocahontas. David's Townhouse.

     Retrieved May 26, 2006, from



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