MODULE 5: Additional Database Information Sources:
Section 3 of 3, CONCLUSION, page 1 of 1.


Is that all?

No, but that's enough for now.

The Library has databases that specialize in helping you access government documents, in finding poetry, in reading book reviews, and much more. The Library subscribes to more than one hundred databases.

How do I know what's what?

Use the menus.

When you first come to the databases log in page <>, a drop-down menu allows you to look for databases by subject area. For example, if you select Dictionaries, Encyclopedias, Directories, you will be provided the links to those types of resources.

Ask for help.

TROY has a professional library staff dedicated to serving our students, faculty, and staff, worldwide.

Look around and MAKE NOTES.

Depending on your program of study, there are some databases you will never need, but there are some that you will use again and again. Take some time to identify and become familiar with those in your academic area.

How do I document sources such as these?

While books and articles are the most common sources of information for college research projects, the documentation guides (books that tell you how to do it), discussed in Module 8 of this tutorial, also provide instruction on documenting all types of sources.

Here are a few examples, in the American Psychological Association (APA) style.

NOTE: The screen display width of the following references have been shortened on purpose in order to help ensure a presentation which is consistent with that which is prescribed for references, i.e., double spaced with indentions for all but the first entry line. (Should you be printing this, or other pages of this tutorial on which references appear, printing in the landscape orientation [11 x 8 1/2 rather than 8 1/2 x 11] , should allow references to display properly.)

Entry in the Encyclopedia Britannica database:

Giza, Pyramids of. (2007). In Encyclopædia Britannica.

     Retrieved August 2, 2007, from Encyclopædia Britannica


Entry in the Annals of American History Online database:

Jefferson, T. (1820). A fireball in the night. Retrieved

     from Annals of American History Online database.

Entry in the Europa World Plus database:

Czech Republic (2009). In Europa World Plus. Retrieved

     January 5, 2009 from Europa World Plus database.

Entry in the Oxford English Dictionary database:

Planet (2007). In Oxford English Dictionary. Retrieved

     August 2, 2007 from Oxford English Dictionary database.

Corporate data from the Business and Company Resources Center database:

General Motors Corp [Company Profile] (2007). Retrieved

     November 5, 2007 from Business and Company Resources

     Center database.

Biographical entry from the Classical Music Library database:

Fryderyk Franciszek Chopin (2008). Retrieved January 15,

     2008 from Classical Music Library database.

Audio file from the Annals of American History Online database:

Nixon, R. M. (Speaker). (1974). Resignation from the

     presidency (audio file). Retrieved from Annals of

     American History Online database.



Did you notice that some of the references include a retrieval date while others do not? According to the APA Style Guide to Electronic References (2007, 2), "No retrieval date is necessary for content that is not likely to be changed or updated, such as a journal article or book."

This is what that means: Entries in many of the databases are updated on a regular basis, e.g., information about companies or countries, so it is important to the reader to know when the information was accessed by the writer. Other information will never change, e.g., Nixon's speech, and therefore, the date of access is not important to the reader.

Implications. This tip was provided not so much to teach this one detail of APA style, but rather to provide an example of the intricacies involved in the documentation process. As with the examples of documentation shown elsewhere in this tutorial, their presence is intended to:

  • Demonstrate the importance of keeping detailed records of your searches and sources.
  • Reinforce the importance of the documentation process.


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