MODULE 7: Evaluating Information Sources:
Section 4 of 6, TERMINOLOGY (Part 2), page 1 of 1.

TERMINOLOGY (Part 2)

Formats of Sources

Sources of information come in many forms, including:

  • advertisement
  • book
  • database
  • electronic or print personal communication
  • film or video recording
  • government document
  • interview
  • journal
  • lecture, speech, sermon, address, reading
  • legal source (e.g., federal statutes)
  • map or chart
  • newsletter
  • newspaper
  • painting, sculpture, photograph
  • pamphlet
  • performance (e.g., a theatrical play)
  • physical electronic media (e.g., CD-ROM)
  • radio program
  • television program
NOTE: While a list of information types makes for pretty dull reading, its importance will become more evident in Module 8 (the next and final module) of this tutorial, during the discussion of the documentation process (writing citations and references).

A common point of confusion takes place when referring to the various types of print serials—magazines, newspapers, etc.

The list of definitions presented below is intended to help clarify the use of such terms.

DEFINITIONS (Based on Webster's Third New International Dictionary)


SERIAL

Something produced in a series, e.g., motion pictures, television shows, radio shows, or publications such as newspapers, newsletters, magazines, journals, or other periodicals. Serial is the most general term used to refer to publications that are produced on a regular basis. Libraries or periodical indexes may refer to their serials list or serial holdings. These are the listings of the newspapers, journals, etc., which they subscribe to or index.

PERIODICAL

A publication that is produced at a regular (fixed) interval, e.g., weekly, monthly, or quarterly. Usually published more frequently than annually, usually not published daily (daily publications are usually newspapers). This general term may be applied to publications such as newsletters, magazines, and journals.

JOURNAL

This term is sometimes used to refer to newspapers but is usually used to describe periodicals dedicated to a particular field of study, e.g., microbiology. Journals are often the official or semiofficial publication of a group or society.

MAGAZINE

A periodical that usually contains a collection of articles, stories, poems, and pictures and is directed at the general public.

NEWSPAPER

A publication that is produced and distributed daily, weekly, or at some other and usually short interval. Typically contains news, editorials, features, advertising, or other information of current interest.

NEWSLETTER

A publication written for the dissemination of news. A printed sheet, pamphlet, or small newspaper containing news or information of current interest to a special group.


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