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College of Arts and Sciences

The College of Arts and Sciences is, from both historical and functional points of view, the core of the modern
university. The College of Arts and Sciences views creativity, inquiry and understanding as among the greatest values in human experience. Thus, the College of Arts and Sciences is dedicated to the questioning, creation and
transmission of knowledge; to the provision of undergraduate and graduate educational programs that are responsive to the need of an enlightened and productive citizenry; and to the provision of programs and services that enhance the quality of life of the people it serves.

These goals complete a commitment to creativity and inquiry free of bias and based upon the principles of objective scholarship. The College’s goals require a responsibility to promote and convey those elements of the liberal arts and sciences that must be essential components of the educational goals of all units of the university. The college seeks richness through diversity of its programs and strength through erudition.

Degree Program

Troy Campus

Phenix
City Campus

Dothan
Campus

Montgomery Campus 

Global Campus*

eTROY
Biomedical Sciences X          
Computer Science X     X    
Criminal Justice X   X   X X
Environmental & Biological Sciences X         X
International Relations X   X   X X
Public Administration X       X X
Certificate in Biomedical Sciences X          
Graduate Certificate in Government Contracting           X

* Please refer to http://admissions.troy.edu/academic-programs.html for specific program availability by location

MASTER OF SCIENCES IN BIOMEDICAL SCIENCES

Pending Approval

Mission

The M.S. program and certificate in the Biomedical Sciences are designed to achieve the following: 1) to prepare students for future entry into medical and other professional schools in the health sciences and 2) to provide students with advanced knowledge in the biomedical sciences.

Upon completion of the degree program, students will gain a thorough knowledge of biomedical concepts developed through courses that focus on the changing face of medicine and biotechnology. This program will foster strategic and critical thinking, logical analysis, and propose solutions to the challenges of medicine, the allied health sciences, and biotechnology.

The expected program learning outcomes of students enrolled in the Master of Science in the Biomedical Sciences include:

  1. Demonstrate a conceptual competence of the basic biomedical sciences.
  2. Develop a framework for maintaining technological currency in the biomedical sciences healthcare.
  3. Develop critical thinking skills for applying scientific knowledge in problem-solving.
  4. Acquire skills for developing hypotheses, analyzing data, and interpreting and communicating results in the biomedical sciences.
  5. Develop written and oral skills for communicating effectively and professionally.
  6. Promote ethical standards for all professional activities in the biomedical sciences and healthcare.

Prerequisite Requirements

Candidates for admission must have a baccalaureate degree from a regionally accredited college or university. Prerequisites include physics, general chemistry and organic chemistry. Students with undergraduate degrees outside of the biological sciences and chemistry are encouraged to inquire about the program.

Admission Requirements

To apply for admission to the M.S. program in Biomedical Sciences, applicants must submit the following:

  1. Completed Application for Admission to the Graduate School;
  2. Official transcript(s) from all universities or colleges attended;
  3. Official copy of one of the following: GRE (with writing score), MAT, or GMAT scores;
  4. Two letters of recommendation from professors, physicians, or other appropriate professionals that address the applicant’s potential for success in a graduate program; and
  5. A 500-word personal statement that addresses the applicant’s professional goals, readiness for graduate school, and potential for completing the M.S. B.M.S. program.

Unconditional Admission

Applicants may be admitted unconditionally if they meet the following requirements:

  1. Applicants who have completed a master's or higher degree from a regionally accredited college or university may be admitted unconditionally. Applicants must submit all materials listed in Admission Requirements for the M.S. in Biomedical Sciences.
  2. Attained a bachelor's degree from a regionally accredited college or university and achieved a minimum of 2.5 GPA in all undergraduate courses.
  3. Have an acceptable score on the appropriate entrance exam: GRE 294 and GRE writing score. If the student has taken the MCAT or equivalent professional exam, then this may be substituted for the GRE.

Conditional Admission

Conditional admission may be granted under certain circumstances to applicants who cannot satisfy all unconditional admission requirements to a graduate program. See conditional admission requirements in the general regulations section of this Catalog.

Transfer Credit

A maximum of four courses (12 semester credit hours) taken at another regionally accredited institution, each with a "B" grade or better, can be applied toward the degree. These courses must be comparable in catalog description to Troy University courses in the M.S. program in Biomedical Sciences and must be approved
by the Chair of the Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences. Students who transfer a "core" course will still be held accountable for all material and Troy courses. In addition, transfer students must still successfully complete the comprehensive exam.

Degree Requirements

  1. Unconditional admission
  2. Overall 3.0 GPA in all graduate work completed
  3. No more than two grades in any course work attempted with a grade of C or below
  4. If the student makes a "C" or lower in a core course, the course must be retaken. If the student makes a "D" or "F" in an elective course, the course may be retaken or another elective taken in its place
  5. Completion of the curriculum listed below
  6. Successful completion of the comprehensive examinations

Curriculum (39-43 sh)

The Master of Sciences in Biomedical Sciences is a 39-43 hour non-thesis degree.

* The University requires that 6000-level courses make up at least 50% of the 39-43 semester hours.

*Courses with separate lectures and labs must be taken together.

*Please note that 5000-level courses cannot duplicate undergraduate courses that the student has taken as an undergraduate.

*Please note that the 6000-level core classes are ONLY offered in a 16-week format during the fall and spring semesters. Summer courses (6000-level) are offered on an 8-week format. All core courses require a grade of “B” or better.

Core Courses: (24 sh)
BMS 6615 3 Medical Microbiology and Immunology
BMS L615 1 Medical Microbiology & Immunology Lab
BMS 6620 3 Neuroscience
BMS 6625 3 Medical Cell Biology
BMS L625 1 Medical Cell Biology Lab
BMS 6635 3 Medical Physiology
BMS 6640 7 Anatomical Sciences
BIO 6691 3 Research Methodology and Experimental Design
     
In addition to these Required Core Classes, students must take additional classes to complete the graduation requirement of 39-43 semester hours.
 
Elective Courses: (15-19 sh)
Courses with separate lectures and labs must be taken together.
BIO 5516 3 Microbial Ecology
BIO L516 1 Microbial Ecology Lab
BIO 5530 3 Applied Genetics
BIO L530 1 Applied Genetics Lab
BIO 5533 3 Embryology
BIO L533 1 Embryology Lab
BIO 5551 3 Toxicology
BIO L551 1 Toxicology Lab
BIO 5552 3 Industrial Hygiene
BIO L552 1 Industrial Hygiene Lab
BIO 5771 3 Parasitology
BIO L571 1 Parasitology
BIO 5576 1-4 Special Topics
BIO 5580 3 Histology
BIO L580 1 Histology Lab
BIO 5592 1-4 Guided Independent Research
BIO 5594 1-4 Guided Independent Study
BIO 6601 3 Environmental and Biological Ethics
BIO 6602 3 Human Pathophysiology
BIO L602 1 Human Pathophysiology Lab
BIO 6621 3 Environmental Toxicology
BIO 6624 3 Public Health
BIO 6625 1-4 Specialized Study in Biology
BIO 6626 1-4 Specialized Study in Biology
BIO 6630 3 Medical Pharmacology
BIO 6643 3 Biological Chemistry
BIO 6645 3 Biotechnology Techniques
BIO 6670 1-4 Special Topics
BIO 6671 1-4 Special Topics
PA 6677 3 Public Health Preparedness and Emergency
Response
PA 6678 3 Introduction to Public Health (3)

Comprehensive Examination
After the completion of all coursework (in the semester or term prior to graduation), students must successfully complete a comprehensive examination. Students should work closely with their advisor to prepare for their comprehensive exams, which will be prepared, administered, and evaluated by the graduate committee. Comprehensive exams will be taken as scheduled by the University and/or Department during the last semester of coursework.

GRADUATE CERTIFICATE IN BIOMEDICAL SCIENCES (BMS)

Admission Requirements

All certificate students must be admitted to the Graduate School and M.S. BMS program to qualify for the Certificate. See Graduate Admissions and M.S. BMS Admission Requirements.

Course Requirements

Students admitted in the M.S. BMS program may qualify for the BMS Certificate by completing the required courses and maintaining an overall 3.0 grade point average or better. The Graduate Certificate requires 21 semester hours of coursework as described below:

Required Courses (15 sh)
BMS 6615 3 Medical Microbiology and Immunology
BMS L615 1 Medical Microbiology and Immunology Lab
BMS 6620 3 Neuroscience
BMS 6625 3 Medical Cell Biology
BMS L625 1 Medical Cell Biology Lab
BMS 6635 3 Medical Physiology
BMS 6640 7 Anatomical Sciences

Other Requirements

Students who wish to be issued a certificate must submit the following to their home campus:

  • Certificate Intent
  • Copy of student transcripts

MASTER OF SCIENCE IN COMPUTER SCIENCE

The Master of Science degree in Computer Science is designed to provide advanced study and development for students who have a basic understanding of the concepts and methodologies central to professional success in the field. Objectives of the program are as follows:

  1. Provide students with opportunities to refine their skills and core competencies in computer science through the advancement and development of concepts, techniques, and methodologies appropriate in the field.
  2. Facilitate the development of advanced skills in an environment which will ensure both a realistic and varied exposure to contemporary information processing problems.
  3. Promote the integration and application of cutting edge concepts and approaches in the computer science field.

Admission Requirement

Unconditional Admission:

  1. A student must have earned a bachelor’s degree in Computer Science (CS) or a related field from a regionally accredited four-year college or university.
  2. A student must meet the grade point average and Graduate Record Examination (GRE) or equivalent test score requirements.
  3. Other requirements as follows:
    • Official transcripts of all academic work.
    • A minimum overall undergraduate grade point average of 2.5 (on a 4.0 scale) or a 3.0 grade point average for the last 30 semester hours.
    • An acceptable score on the appropriate entrance exam [GRE 290 (850 on the old exam) (verbal plus quantitative), MAT 385 or GMAT 380].

Conditional Admission
For those students who cannot satisfy all unconditional admission requirements, conditional admission may be granted under certain circumstances. Individuals admitted on a conditional basis may satisfy the requirements for unconditional admission as follows:

  1. Students must have their GRE test scores on file with the admissions office by the completion of the FIRST semester in which they are enrolled in CS courses.
  2. Students failing to achieve the minimum entrance exam score may satisfy the test requirement by successfully completing nine semester hours of graduate CS courses with a minimum grade point average of 3.0.
  3. Students not having a 2.5 undergraduate grade point average may satisfy the requirement by the successful completion of nine semester hours of graduate CS courses with a minimum grade point average of 3.0.
  4. A student with a bachelor’s degree outside the field of CS may satisfy the bachelor’s degree requirement by completing ALL of the following courses:

    MTH 2215 – Applied Discrete Mathematics
    CS 2250 – Computer Science I
    CS 2255 – Computer Science II
    CS 3310 – Foundations of Computer Science
    CS 3323 – Data Structures

    Additional courses may be required by the CS Graduate Advisor depending on the student’s background. A student must complete all courses with a grade point average of 3.0.

    Note: To remain eligible for Federal Financial Aid, all undergraduate courses MUST be completed before students enroll in any graduate courses.

Transfer Credit

A maximum of nine credit hours taken at another regionally accredited university with a grade of “B” or better can be applied to the degree. These courses must be comparable in catalog description to courses in the CS program and must be approved by the Dean of Arts & Sciences or Graduate Adviser, CS Program.

Degree Options

There are two degree options: thesis and non-thesis. In the thesis option, the student must successfully complete and defend a thesis as well as complete other requirements stated below. See Thesis Guidelines for additional information. In the non-thesis option, the student must pass a written comprehensive exam and must successfully complete a research paper.

For both options what follows should be followed by the students during their program of study.

Degree Requirements

The requirements for the degree are the successful completion of five graduate-level core courses and three to five elective courses (30 semester hours for the thesis option and 31 semester hours for the non-thesis option) with an overall grade point average of 3.0, and successful completion of a thesis or a paper. If the student makes a “D” or “F” in a core course, the course must be retaken. If the student makes a “D” or “F” in an elective course, the course may either be retaken or another elective taken in its place.

The degree requirements for the thesis and non-thesis options are as follows:

     Thesis      Non-Thesis
  1. Complete 30 SH of graduate-level courses to include 6 SH of course CS 6699;
  2. Maintain a minimum overall
    3.0 GPA; AND
  3. Successfully complete and
    defend a thesis.
  1. Complete 31 SH of graduate-level courses to include 1 SH of course CS
    6625;
  2. Maintain a minimum overall
    3.0 GPA
  3. Pass the written comprehensive examination; AND
  4. Successfully complete an
    approved research paper.

Approval Process

Thesis Option (See Thesis Guidelines.)

Non-Thesis Option
The proposal for a research paper must be approved by the research supervisor. The research paper must be approved by the supervisor, CS Department Chair, Dean of College of Arts and Sciences and Dean of the Graduate School.

Submission of Thesis or Research Paper

The thesis must be submitted according to Thesis Guidelines. The research paper must be submitted to the department at least two months prior to graduation and must be submitted to the Dean of the Graduate School office at least two weeks prior to the end of the term of graduation. Two approved copies of the research paper are necessary, one of which will be kept by the CS department.

     Thesis      Non-Thesis
  1. Achieve unconditional admission to the program;
  2. Complete 15 SH of graduate-level core courses;
  3. Maintain a minimum overall
    3.0 GPA; AND
  4. Submit an approved thesis
    proposal.
  1. Achieve unconditional
    admission to the program;
  2. Complete 15 SH of graduate-level core courses;
  3. Maintain a minimum
    overall 3.0 GPA; AND
  4. Submit an approved proposal for a research paper.

 

Curriculum

The CS degree curriculum consists of five core required courses and five (non-thesis option) or three (thesis option) elective courses. All courses offer three hours of credit except CS 6625-6626-6627*, which offer one to three hours, and CS 6699, which offers one to six hours.

Thesis Option

5 Core Course  15 SH
3 Electives  9 SH
Thesis (CS 6699)  6 SH
TOTAL  30 SH

Non-Thesis Option*

5 Core Courses   15 SH
5 Electives   15 SH
Research (CS 6625)   1 SH
TOTAL   31 SH

* Also includes a comprehensive examination.

Courses

Required Core Courses: (15 sh)
CS 5543 3 Software Engineering
CS 5545 3 Computer Architecture
CS 5549 3 Analysis of Algorithms
CS 5547 3 Applied Systems Analysis
CS 5550 3 Operating System Principles
     
Elective Courses: (9/15 sh)
CS 6640 3 Data Base Management Concepts
CS 6641 3 Society and Information Systems
CS 6643 3 Theory and Design of Compilers
CS 6646 3 Information Systems for Operations and Management
CS 6647 3 Simulation and Modeling
CS 6648 3 Operations Research
CS 6650 3 Distributed Systems Principles
CS 6651 3 Artificial Intelligence
CS 6652 3 XML Technology Principles
CS 6653 3 Topics in Software Security and Reliability
CS 6654 3 Topics in Software Engineering
CS 6655 3 Digital Logic Design – Principles and Practices with Emphasis on Testable Semicustom Circuits
CS 6656 3 Design and Testing of Reliable Digital Systems
CS 6660 3 Algorithmic Graph Theory
CS 6664 3 High-Performance Computing
CS 6666 3 Computer Graphics
CS 6668 3 Network Security
     
Other Electives (approved by adviser—semester hours vary)
CS 6625, 6626, 6627   Specialized Study in Computer Science*
CS 6649   Special Topics in Computer Science
CS 6662   Special Topics in Game Design
CS 6669   Research and Thesis
     
* Total credit for any combination of enrollments in the specialized study courses may not exceed three semester hours.

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MASTER OF SCIENCE IN CRIMINAL JUSTICE

The Master of Science degree in Criminal Justice is designed to broaden and enhance each student’s ability to understand, analyze and evaluate issues that confront the American criminal justice system. Included in the objectives of the program’s core coursework are (a) to prepare students to understand, analyze and evaluate the principles and functions of personnel administration in criminal justice applications; (b) to prepare students to understand, analyze and evaluate trends and developments affecting the interpretation of the U.S. Constitution in light of historical case precedent; (c) to prepare students to understand, analyze and evaluate issues that affect the structure and functioning of the criminal justice system; and (d) to understand, analyze and evaluate criminological theories that explain criminal behavior and its application to organizational management. Specific institutional objectives of the program are as follows:

  1. to prepare students to fulfill a need in American society for professional law enforcement personnel and competent criminal justice administrators by providing educational programs that develop each student’s problem solving skills in ways that prepare the student to address the issues that arise in the
    dynamic and evolving criminal justice field;
  2. to develop each student’s ability to synthesize and apply knowledge of the critical theories and concepts in the field of criminal justice in his/her problem solving analysis;
  3. to develop each student’s ability to identify and develop alternative solutions to problems that confront the modern criminal justice system based on his/her knowledge of current theories and concepts;
  4. to develop each student’s ability to evaluate and appropriately choose solutions to problems that confront the criminal justice system;
  5. to develop each student’s ability to effectively communicate the results of his/her analysis.
  6. to provide students who seek administrative and managerial positions in the field of criminal justice with the credentials to qualify for those positions;
  7. to provide an appropriate program of graduate study for students who are interested in research in the field of criminal justice and in advanced graduate study.

Prerequisite Requirements

The minimum requirement for admission to the Master of Science program in Criminal Justice is a baccalaureate degree from a regionally accredited four-year institution. Students who desire to enter this program but do not have a degree in criminal justice, police administration, law enforcement, or corrections may be required to meet other criteria such as additional coursework regarding undergraduate or professional preparation. Significant professional experience may be considered. However, admission to the program does not imply official admission for the degree.

Admission Requirements For Master of Science in Criminal Justice

Unconditional Admission

  1. Hold a masters or higher degree from a regionally accredited university. No test score is required. An official transcript showing completion of a master’s or higher degree is required.

    OR

  2. Hold a baccalaureate degree from a regionally accredited college or university with a minimum overall undergraduate grade point average of 2.5 (4.0 scale) or a 3.0 grade point average on the last 30 semester hours. All hours attempted in the term in which the 30 semester hours were reached will be used to calculate the grade point average. All transcripts from all colleges or universities attended are required.

    AND

  3. Have an acceptable score on the appropriate entrance exam [GRE 290 (850 on the old exam) (verbal plus quantitative), MAT 385 or GMAT 380].

Conditional Admission
Conditional admission may be granted under certain circumstances to applicants who cannot satisfy all unconditional admission requirements to the graduate program. See Conditional Admission requirements in the general regulations section of this catalog. Students with a baccalaureate degree from an unaccredited or otherwise accredited institution should see Unaccredited or Otherwise Accredited Student Admission.

Students with academic deficiencies (course work, GPA, GRE, or MAT scores) may be required to complete additional course work before being granted unconditional admission to the program.

Transfer Credit

A maximum of four courses (12 semester hours) taken at another regionally accredited institution each with a grade of “B” or better can be applied toward the degree. These courses must be comparable in catalog description to Troy University courses in the Criminal Justice Graduate Program and be approved by the main campus dean/department chair. If the student transfers a “core” or “required course,” he/she is still subject to a written comprehensive exam based on the material presented at Troy University.

Degree Requirements

Any student completing the coursework with a 3.0 GPA or better, successfully completing the required comprehensive examinations and the research requirement (CJ 6650) with a grade of “B” or better will be awarded the master’s degree. If the student makes a “D” or “F” in a core course, the course must be retaken. If the student makes a “D” or “F” in an elective course, the course may either be retaken or another elective taken in its place.

Curriculum

All courses offer three semester hours credit.

Required Courses (15 sh)
CJ 6610 3 Principles of Administration
CJ 6620 3 Current Trends in Criminal Law
CJ 6622 3 Seminar in the Administration of Justice
CJ 6636 3 Criminological Theory
CJ 6650 3 Survey of Research Methods in Criminal Justice
     
Electives (15 sh)
     
Select any 15 hours of graduate course work from the following:
CJ 5571 3 Probation, Pardons, and Parole
CJ 6621 3 Current Issues in Corrections
CJ 6624 3 Court Administration
CJ 6625 3 Specialized Study
CJ 6630 3 Juvenile Justice
CJ 6635 3 Community-Based Corrections/Correctional Systems
CJ 6638 3 Seminar in Civil Liberties Related to Corrections
CJ 6640 3 Seminar in Law Enforcement
CJ 6644 3 Administrative Law
CJ 6649 3 Statistics for Criminal Justice Research
CJ 6652 3 Seminar in Corrections
CJ 6655 3 Selected Topics in Criminal Justice
CJ 6660 3 Advanced Readings in Criminal Justice
CJ 6671 3 Organizational Theory
CJ 6692 3 Agency Experience
CJ 6693 3 Masters Project
TOTAL        30 sh
     
  OR  
 
Thesis option
(Note: The Thesis option is available only to on-campus students at the Troy campus.)
   
Required Courses (as above) 15 sh
Electives 5 sh
Thesis Courses 6 sh
CJ 6694 3 Thesis Practicum  
CJ 6695 3 Thesis  
Total 36 sh

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MASTER OF SCIENCE IN ENVIRONMENTAL AND BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES

Purpose and Goals

The Master of Science Graduate Program in Environmental and Biological Sciences is designed to broaden the student's perspective and provide skills and knowledge for understanding and solving problems in the environmental and biological sciences. The Program teaches students the direct and indirect economic, social, and political contributions of the environmental and biological sciences. The Program underscores the interdisciplinary and cooperative nature of environmental and biological issues. The Program teaches how to manage conflicts and emphasizes the importance of effectively communicating with the private and public sectors, regulatory agencies, interest groups, and communities. The Program objectives are listed below:

  1. To demonstrate the pivotal role of the environmental and biological sciences in understanding and addressing environmental, ecological, medical, agricultural, and political issues;
  2. To promote the professional development of students for entry and advancement in the private and public sectors as scientists, educators, administrators, or managers;
  3. To provide students with the necessary skills for performing research, reviewing and evaluating regulatory guidelines, and writing professional documents;
  4. To foster an understanding and appreciation of the role of values and ethics in research, management, and institutional performance;
  5. To strengthen the academic foundations of students seeking entry into professional schools and into doctoral programs at graduate schools; and
  6. To provide teachers with opportunities for advancement and to broaden and update their knowledge in order to enrich the classroom experience of their students.

Prerequisite Requirements

Candidates for admission must have a baccalaureate degree, preferably in a technical subject area. Candidates should have completed foundation courses in the biological sciences, one year of general chemistry, and one course in statistics.

Note: To remain eligible for Federal Financial Aid, all undergraduate courses MUST be completed before students enroll in any graduate courses. Students receiving Federal Financial Aid may NOT enroll in undergraduate courses after they have begun graduate coursework.

Admission Requirements for Master of Science in Environmental and Biological Sciences

Unconditional Admission
Unconditional admission may be granted to students who fulfill the following requirements:

  1. Hold a baccalaureate degree from a regionally accredited university with a minimum overall undergraduate grade point average of 2.5 (4.0 scale) or a 3.0 grade point average on the last 30 semester hours
  2. Demonstrate an adequate academic background in the sciences that includes natural or biological sciences, general chemistry, and statistics
  3. Have an acceptable score on the appropriate entrance exam [GRE 290 (850 on the old exam) (verbal plus quantitative), MAT 385 or GMAT 380].

Conditional Admission
Conditional admission may be granted under certain circumstances to applicants who cannot satisfy all unconditional admission requirements to the graduate program. See Conditional Admission requirements in the general regulations section of this catalog. Students with a baccalaureate degree from an unaccredited or otherwise accredited institution should see Unaccredited or Otherwise Accredited Student Admission.

Students with academic deficiencies (coursework, GPA, GRE score) may be required to complete additional course work before being granted unconditional admission to the program.

Transfer Credit

A maximum of 12 semester hours taken at another regionally accredited institution, each with a "B" grade or better, can be applied toward the degree. These courses must be comparable in catalog description to Troy University courses in the Department’s graduate program and also be approved by the Department Chair. Non-thesis students who transfer a "core" course are still required to take a written comprehensive exam based on the material presented at Troy University.

Degree Requirements

  1. Unconditional Admission
  2. Completion of curriculum listed below. If the student makes a “D” or “F” in a core course, the course must be retaken. If the student makes a “D” or “F” in an elective course, the course may either be retaken or another elective taken in its place.
  3. Successful completion of EBS 6691 with a "B’’ or better
  4. Overall 3.0 GPA
  5. Successful completion of the comprehensive examination for non-thesis students or a thesis, including a presentation of a public seminar, for thesis students

A student who successfully completes the requirements listed above will be awarded the Master's degree (M.S.) in Environmental and Biological Sciences.

Graduate Assistantships

The Graduate School offers several different types of assistantships and fellowships. Students should check the Graduate School’s website (trojan.troy.edu/graduateschool/index.html) for details about assistantships and fellowships, deadlines, and copies of application forms. Students should send the completed assistantship forms to the Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences, 213 Math-Science Complex (MSCX). Students should also contact a faculty member who would be willing to serve as their graduate thesis adviser before applying for an assistantship.

Curriculum for M.S. in Environmental and Biological Sciences

The Master of Science in Environmental and Biological Science degree is offered as a 30 semester hour plus thesis or 36 semester hour non-thesis option. Both options require nine semester hours of core courses and 21 semester hours of concentration course options for thesis and 27 semester hours of concentration course options for non-thesis as follows:

Biological Sciences Concentration
Required Core Courses (9sh)
BIO 6601 3 Environmental and Biological Ethics
BIO 6630 3 Pollution Science
BIO 6691 3 Research Methodology and Experimental Design
     
Select one option below:
     
Non-Thesis option (27 sh)
Required courses: (11-12 sh)
Select three courses
Courses with separate lectures and labs must be taken together.
BIO 5513 3 Limnology
BIO L513 1 Limnology Lab
BIO 5516 3 Microbial Ecology
BIO L516 1 Microbial Ecology Lab
BIO 5521 3 Population Ecology
BIO L521 1 Population Ecology Lab
BIO 5530 3 Applied Genetics
BIO L530 1 Applied Genetics Lab
BIO 5579 3 Environmental Toxicology
BIO L579 3 Conservation Biology
BIO 6621 3 Environmental Toxicology
BIO 6661 3 Conservation Biology
     
Adviser Approved Electives: (15-16 sh)
     
  OR  
     
Thesis Option: (21 sh minimum)
Required Courses (9-10 sh)
BIO 6695 6 Thesis Research
     
Select one course:
Courses with separate lectures and labs must be taken together.
BIO 5513 3 Limnology
BIO L513 1 Limnology Lab
BIO 5516 3 Microbial Ecology
BIO L516 1 Microbial Ecology Lab
BIO 5521 3 Population Ecology
BIO L521 1 Population Ecology Lab
BIO 5530 3 Applied Genetics
BIO L530 1 Applied Genetics Lab
BIO 5579 3 Environmental Toxicology
BIO 6621 3 Environmental Toxicology
BIO 6661 3 Conservation Biology
     
Adviser Approved Elective Courses: (11-12 sh)
     
Environmental Policy Concentration
Required Core Courses (9 sh)
EBS 6601 3 Environmental and Biological Ethics
EBS 6630 3 Pollution Science
EBS 6691 3 Research Methodology and Experimental Design
     
Non-Thesis Option: (27 sh)
Select nine courses
EBS 5550 3 Environmental History of the U.S.
EBS 6603 3 Environmental Management
EBS 6611 3 Global Pollution and International Environmental Policy
EBS 6612 3 Environmental Impact Studies and Risk Management
EBS 6615 3 Environmental Law, Permitting, and Regulatory Compliance
EBS 6621 3 Environmental Toxicology
EBS 6624 3 Public Health
EBS 6635 3 Land Use Planning
EBS 6637 3 Environmental Economics
EBS 6665 3 Sustainable Development
PA 6622 3 Public Policy
PA 6645 3 Managing Government Contracts
PA 6630 3 Strategic Planning
PA 6631 3 Program Evaluation
     
Environmental Science Concentration
Required Core Courses (9 sh)
EBS 6601 3 Environmental and Biological Ethics
EBS 6630 3 Pollution Science
EBS 6691 3 Research Methodology and Experimental Design
 
Select one option below:
 
Non-Thesis Option (27 sh)
Required courses (13 sh):
EBS 6603 3 Environmental Management
EBS 6612 3 Environmental Impact Studies and Risk Management
EBS 6621 3 Environmental Toxicology
EBS L630 1 Pollution Science Laboratory
EBS 6665 3 Sustainable Development
     
Advisor Approved Electives courses: (14 sh)
     
  OR  
     
Thesis Option (21 sh minimum)
Required Courses: (9 sh)
EBS 6695 6 Thesis Research
     
Select one course:
EBS 6603 3 Environmental Management
EBS 6665 3 Sustainable Development
     
Adviser Approved Electives (12 sh)
 

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MASTER OF SCIENCE IN INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

World politics have undergone a profound alteration over the past two decades. The collapse of the former Soviet Union, the evolution of the European Union, events in the Greater Middle East, the rising power of China as well as other developing countries, the influence of non-state actors such as terrorist groups and NGOs, plus concerns about national and global economic issues demonstrate a paradigm shift in international affairs. The Cold War, which dominated global events for nearly five decades, is over, yet what will replace the norms and institutions of that era is not clear. What is apparent, however, is that the world community is increasingly interdependent, that traditional identities and values are being reexamined, and that new challenges are likely to
emerge.

The Master of Science in International Relations (MSIR) degree program is a 12-course, 36-credit-hour curriculum of study designed to provide students with the foundation and knowledge needed to understand the context and conduct of international relations. Students are encouraged to gain a wide-ranging appreciation of the political, historical, cultural, economic, and geographical factors that affect international relations. This appreciation is accomplished through a program of instruction focused on international relations theory and its application but drawing from disciplines such as history, economics, and geography. Students also acquire methodological and analytical skills that improve their understanding and ability to evaluate national and global developments.

The program offers courses covering history, regional studies, comparative government, foreign policy, the global economy, geography, conflict management, national security, international organization, international law, intercultural relations, and the politics of developing countries.

Prerequisite Requirements

Candidates for admission must have a baccalaureate degree in any subject area from a regionally accredited college or university. There are no prerequisite course requirements.

Students with undergraduate degrees in areas not included in the curriculum are encouraged to inquire about the program.

Graduates of the Master of Science in International Relations program include individuals with undergraduate degrees in the social sciences as well as in such areas as English, foreign language, engineering, chemistry, mathematics, psychology, education, and business administration.

Admission Requirements for the Master of Science in International Relations Degree

Unconditional Admission

  1. Hold a master’s or higher degree from a regionally accredited university. No test score is required. An official transcript showing completion of a master’s or higher degree is required.

    OR

  2. Hold a baccalaureate degree from a regionally accredited college or university with a minimum overall undergraduate grade point average of 2.5 (4.0 scale) or a 3.0 grade point average on the last 30 semester hours. All hours attempted in the term in which the 30 semester hours were reached will be used to calculate the grade point average. All transcripts from all colleges or universities attended are required.

    AND

  3. Have an acceptable score on the appropriate entrance exam [GRE 294 (920 on the old exam) (verbal plus quantitative), MAT 396, GMAT 490].

Conditional Admission

Conditional admission may be granted under certain circumstances to applicants who cannot satisfy all unconditional admission requirements to a graduate program. See conditional admission requirements in the General Regulations section of this Catalog.

Transfer Credit

A maximum of four courses (12 semester credit hours) taken at another regionally accredited institution, each with a “B” or better grade, can be applied toward the degree; graduate-level courses completed by U.S. service personnel in Professional Military Education programs may also qualify for transfer credit. These courses must be comparable in catalog description to Troy University courses in the MSIR program and must be recommended for transfer credit by the Chair of the Department of Political Science and approved by the Dean of the Graduate School.

Degree Requirements

  1. Unconditional admission
  2. Overall 3.0 GPA
  3. Completion of the curriculum listed below. If the student makes a “D” or “F” in a core course, the course must be retaken. If the student makes a “D” or “F” in an elective course, the course may either be retaken or another elective taken in its place.
  4. Successful completion of the comprehensive examination or a thesis*
  5. Successful completion (“B” or better) of IR 6601 Research Methods in International Relations, the program research requirement

    *The thesis option is not available to eTROY students.

Curriculum

All courses offer three semester hours credit.

The MSIR curriculum of study consists of three integral components.

  1. Four core required courses
  2. The selection and completion of one program concentration
  3. The successful completion of a comprehensive examination OR the preparation and defense of a Master’s Thesis

Required Core Courses (12 sh)
All MSIR students must take these four courses:

IR 5551 3 Survey of International Relations
IR 6601 3 Research Methods in International Relations
IR 6620 3 International Political Economy
IR 6652 3 Theory and Ideology of International Relations

MSIR Concentration Options :
Students must choose ONE of the following concentrations:

  • Global Studies (24 sh)
  • National Security Affairs (24 sh)
  • Regional Affairs (24 sh)

Global Studies Concentration (24 sh)
Students may choose any eight of the following courses:

GEO 5506 3 Urbanism
GEO 5511 3 Demography
GEO 5526 3 Geography of the Russian Realm
GEO 6624 3 Geographic Characteristics of the Developing Realm
HIS 5503 3 Contemporary Europe
HIS 5504 3 Military History of the United States
HIS 5510 3 England since 1688
HIS 5515 3 Contemporary America, 1945 to Present
HIS 5523 3 U.S. Foreign Policy to 1920
HIS 5532 3 Russia to 1861
HIS 5533 3 Russia since 1861
HIS 5545 3 Modern Germany
HIS 5551 3 Modern East Asia
HIS 5583 3 Latin American States
HIS 5552 3 History of Africa
HIS 5556 3 History of the Middle East
HIS 6614 3 Contemporary Japan
HIS 6615 3 Seminar in Latin American History
IR 5502 3 International Political Geography
IR 5524 3 Contemporary American Foreign Policy
IR 5533 3 Comparative Government
IR 5552 3 International Law
IR 5570 3 Politics of Southeast Asia
IR 6600 3 Selected Topics in International Relations
IR 6602 3 Geostrategic Studies
IR 6610 3 International Organizations
IR 6612 3 Comparative Public Policy
IR 6625, 6626, 6627 3 Specialized Study in International Relations
IR 6629, 6630 3 Seminar in International Relations
IR 6631 3 Intercultural Relations
IR 6633 3 Developed and Developing Nations
IR 6634 3 Tradition, Revolution, and Change
IR 6635 3 National Security Policy
IR 6640 3 Government and Politics of Developing Nations
IR 6641 3 Latin America in World Affairs
IR 6642 3 Russia and Eastern Europe in World Affairs
IR 6644 3 Middle East in World Affairs
IR 6645 3 Asia in World Affairs
IR 6647 3 Western Europe in World Affairs
IR 6648 3 Sub-Saharan Africa in World Affairs
IR 6653 3 Political Psychology
IR 6654 3 Media, Technology, and International Politics
IR 6655 3 International Conflict Management
IR 6656 3 International Power and Influence
IR 6660 3 Military Strategy and International Relations
IR 6665 3 Readings in International Relations
IR 6668 3 Thesis
IR 6669 3 Thesis
IR 6670 3 United Kingdom in World Affairs
IR 6672 3 Germany in World Affairs
IR 6675 3 Central America in World Affairs
IR 6676 3 Japan in World Affairs
IR 6677 3 China in World Affairs
IR 6681 3 Tribalism and Colonialism in Africa
IR 6685 3 Terrorism and Political Violence
IR 6686 3 Drug Politics in the Americas
IR 6687 3 Free Trade and Economic Integration in the Americas
IR 6688 3 Islamic Fundamentalism
IR 6650 3 Environmental Security, Conflict, and Development
PA 6610 3 Foundations of Public Administration
     
National Security Affairs Concentration (24 sh)
Students must choose any four of the following courses: (12 sh)
HIS 5504 3 Military History of the United States
IR 5524 3 Contemporary American Foreign Policy
IR 5552 3 International Law
IR 6602 3 Geostrategic Studies
IR 6635 3 National Security Policy
IR 6656 3 International Power and Influence
IR 6660 3 Military Strategy and International Relations
IR 6685 3 Terrorism and Political Violence
     
Approved Elective Courses: (12 sh)
     
Students must choose four courses from the remaining electives listed for the Global Studies Concentration.
     
Regional Affairs Concentration (24 sh)
Students must take each of the following courses: (9 sh)
IR 5533 3 Comparative Government
IR 6610 3 International Organizations
IR 6631 3 Intercultural Relations
     
Concentration Relevant Electives Courses:(9 sh)
Students must choose three courses from one of the following regional groups:
     
Africa and Middle East
Students must take at least one course focused on Africa and one focused on the Middle East
HIS 5552 3 History of Africa
HIS 5556 3 History of the Middle East
IR 6640 3 Government and Politics in Developing Nations
IR 6648 3 Sub-Saharan Africa in World Affairs
IR 6681 3 Tribalism and Colonialism in Africa
IR 6644 3 Middle East in World Affairs
IR 6688 3 Islamic Fundamentalism
     
Asia
GEO 5526 3 Geography of the Russian Realm
HIS 5551 3 Modern East Asia
HIS 6614 3 Contemporary Japan
IR 5570 3 Politics of Southeast Asia
IR 6640 3 Government and Politics of Developing Nations
IR 6645 3 Asia in World Affairs
IR 6676 3 Japan in World Affairs
IR 6677 3 China in World Affairs
     
Europe    
GEO 5526 3 Geography of the Russian Realm
HIS 5503 3 Contemporary Europe
HIS 5510 3 England Since 1688
HIS 5545 3 Modern Germany
IR 6642 3 Russia and Eastern Europe in World Affairs
IR 6647 3 Western Europe in World Affairs
IR 6670 3 United Kingdom in World Affairs
IR 6672 3 Germany in World Affairs
     
Latin America
HIS 5583 3 Latin American States
HIS 6615 3 Seminar in Latin American History
IR 6640 3 Government and Politics of Developing Nations
IR 6641 3 Latin America in World Affairs
IR 6675 3 Central America in World Affairs
IR 6686 3 Drug Politics in the Americas
IR 6687 3 Free Trade and Economic Integration in the Americas
     

Approved Electives Courses: (6 sh)

Students must choose two courses from the remaining electives listed for the Global Studies Concentration.

The third component of the MSIR degree program is the successful completion of ONE of the following options:

  1. Comprehensive Examination – Students choosing this option must successfully complete a six-hour comprehensive examination, typically after all course work is completed or during the last term that they are registered for course work. Comprehensive examinations are given each term. Examination questions are developed by the MSIR faculty and approved by the Chair. Students must pass by successfully demonstrating the ability to integrate and synthesize information obtained from the course work. The comprehensive examination is graded by a minimum of two full-time and selected part-time MSIR faculty, reviewed by the Chair, and certified by the Graduate Dean. Troy University faculty and staff administer comprehensive examinations.
  2. Thesis *—Students choosing the thesis option must register for IR 6668 (3 credit hours) and IR 6669 (3 credit hours) as their last two courses in the program. They must successfully research, write, and defend their thesis while taking IR 6668 and IR 6669. This process involves directed research in selected areas of international relations, based on the student’s proposal, related to the student’s needs, with the advice and approval of a thesis adviser and a faculty reader, and culminating in a substantive research paper of appropriate depth and scholarship. Students will receive a Pass or Fail for the two thesis courses, no letter grade. Students completing this option

* Thesis option is not available to eTROY students.

Program changes from the Comprehensive Examination Option to the Thesis Option are not permitted after attempting the Comprehensive Examination.

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MASTER OF PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION

Mission Statement
The mission of the Troy University MPA program is to develop professional competency and leadership in individuals associated with public and nonprofit sectors by providing quality graduate professional education through a standardized curriculum and a network of campuses utilizing traditional, nontraditional, and emerging electronic formats.

The MPA degree is a 12-course, 36-credit-hour curriculum of study. Students with less than one year of work experience in a paraprofessional, professional, technical, or supervisory position that involves relevant service to the profession and/or public service will complete an additional three-hour internship course for a total of 39 credit hours. Students may take courses as pre-service, in-service, full-time, and part-time students and through eTROY. The MPA degree program is offered at Global Campus sites throughout the United States, through online courses, and at the Troy campus.

Accreditation

The Troy University Master of Public Administration (MPA) degree is accredited by the Network of Schools of Public Policy, Affairs, and Administration (NASPAA).

Admission Requirements for Master of Public Administration

To apply for admission to the Master of Public Administration program, applicants must submit the following material to the relevant Troy University address specified in the Graduate Catalog’s General Regulations section under “Pre Admission Procedures Application Forms”:

  1. Completed application form.
  2. Official transcript(s) from all universities attended;
  3. Official copy of GRE,MAT or GMAT scores;
  4. A letter of recommendation that addresses the applicant’s potential for success in professional graduate studies and public service;
  5. A 500 word essay addressing the applicant’s professional goals, readiness, and potential for completing the MPA program; and,
  6. A resume listing professional experience, certifications, and other preparation.

Except for holders of an MPA/MPP degree from a NASPAA accredited program, the MPA admission requirements apply to all TROY MPA program applicants, including:

  • Admission with a master’s or higher degree from a regionally accredited university (official copy of GRE, MAT or GMAT scores not required)
  • Admission to the Graduate Certificate in Government Contracting option

MPA program applicants are not allowed to register for MPA courses without completion of all admissions requirements. Students enrolled in other accredited universities who wish to take Troy University MPA courses may use the Transient Admission Procedures specified in the General Regulations section of this Catalog.

Unconditional Admission
Applicants may be admitted unconditionally if they meet the following requirements:

  1. Applicants who have completed a master’s or higher degree from a regionally accredited college or university.

    OR

  2. A bachelor’s degree from a regionally accredited college or university;
  3. Achieved a minimum of 2.5 GPA in all undergraduate courses or a minimum 3.0 GPA in the last thirty
    undergraduate semester hours;
  4. Have an acceptable score on the appropriate entrance exam: GRE 294 (920 on the old exam) (verbal plus quantitative), MAT 400, or GMAT 490.

In addition to these criteria, the MPA admissions process takes into account an applicant’s letter of recommendation, essay, and resumé in determining whether or not the applicant is admitted to the program and assigned Unconditional or Conditional Admission status.

Conditional Admission
Upon recommendation by the MPA Admissions Committee and approval by the Director of the MPA Program, conditional admission may be granted under certain circumstances to applicants who do not satisfy all unconditional admission requirements. See also conditional admission requirements in the General Regulations section of this Catalog.

Transfer Credit

A maximum of 12 credit hours taken at another regionally accredited university with a grade of “B” or better can be applied to the MPA degree. Transfer credit for MPA core courses is limited to courses completed at Network of Schools of Public Policy, Affairs, and Administration (NASPAA) accredited MPA programs. These courses must be comparable in catalog description to courses in the MPA program and recommended by the Director of the MPA Program and approved by the Dean of the Graduate School. Professional Military Education (PME) courses and programs will not be accepted as transfer credits for Public Administration core courses but may be accepted as transfer credit for elective courses.

Internship Requirements

Students with less than one year work experience in a paraprofessional, professional, technical, or supervisory position that involves relevant service to the profession and/or public service are required to complete PA 6694 Internship. Students may substitute the PA 6694 Internship course for one (1) elective concentration course. However, the student’s internship must be approved by the PA 6694 instructor in advance and performed in an area that is related to the student’s identified concentration.

Research Requirement

For Initial Master’s Degree
All graduate programs require certification of the student’s ability to do research in a specialization. For the MPA program, this requirement is met by achieving a grade of “B” or better in PA 6601. Students must repeat PA 6601 if a grade of “C” or below is attained.

For Second Master’s Degree
If the research requirement was completed for the first master’s degree with a “B” or above, students are exempt from this requirement in the MPA program. Students exercising this exemption must complete an additional elective course in their program, or obtain approved transfer credit to achieve the minimum required credits for graduation.

Degree Requirements

  1. Unconditional Admission
  2. Overall 3.0 GPA
  3. Successful completion of PA6699, Capstone in Public Administration, with a grade of "B" or better
  4. Completion of MPA Degree curriculum. If the student makes a “D” or “F” in a core course, the course must be retaken. If the student makes a “D” or “F” in an elective course, the course may either be retaken or another elective taken in its place.

Curriculum

The MPA degree curriculum consists of 12 courses including nine core courses and three elective courses from one concentration. It is strongly recommended that students complete PA 6601-Research Methods in Public Administration and PA 6610-Foundation of Public Administration within their initial 18 hours in the MPA program.

Required Core Courses (27 SH)

PA 6601 3 Research Methods in Public Administration
PA 6610 3 Foundations of Public Administration
PA 6620 3 Theory of Organizations
    OR
PA 6646 3 Organizational Behavior
PA 6622 3 Public Policy
PA 6624 3 Public Human Resource Management
PA 6650 3 Governmental Budgeting and Financial Management
PA 6674 3 Ethics in Public Administration
PA 6699 3 Capstone in Public Administration
PA 6603 3 Economics for Public Management
    OR
PA 6631 3 Program Evaluation
     
*Students in Nonprofit Management concentration must take PA 6631. PA 6601 must be completed prior to taking PA 6631.

Concentrations (9 hours)
Students must select one of the following concentrations and take three courses from that concentration:
  • Government Contracting
  • Justice Administration
  • National Security Affairs
  • Nonprofit Management
  • Public Health Administration
  • Public Human Resource Management
  • Public Management

Concentrations

Government Contracting
PA 6645 3 Managing Government Contracts
PA 6647 3 Advanced Contract Administration
PA 6648 3 Contract Negotiation
PA 6649 3 Government Contract Law
PA 6668 3 Grant Management for Public and Nonprofit Organizations
     
Justice Administration
CJ 6620 3 Current Trends in Criminal Law
CJ 6622 3 Seminar in the Administration of Justice
CJ 6624 3 Court Administration
CJ 6630 3 Juvenile Justice
CJ 6652 3 Seminar in Corrections
     
National Security Affairs
IR 5524 3 Contemporary American Foreign Policy
IR 5551 3 Survey of International Relations
IR 5552 3 International Law
IR 6602 3 Geostrategic Studies
IR 6630 3 Seminar in International Relations
IR 6635 3 National Security Policy
IR 6656 3 International Power and Influence
IR 6660 3 Military Strategy and International Relations
     
Nonprofit Management*
PA 6607 3 Performance Measurement and Management for Public and Nonprofit Organizations
PA 6630 3 Strategic Planning
PA 6631 3 Program Evaluation*
PA 6666 3 Foundations of Nonprofit Organizations
PA 6667 3 Executive Leadership in Nonprofit Organizations
PA 6668 3 Grant Management for Public and Nonprofit Organizations
     
* Students in Nonprofit Management must take PA 6631. PA 6601 must be completed prior to taking PA 6631.
     
Public Health Administration
PA 6675 3 Public Health Services Administration and Policy
PA 6676 3 Legal and Social Issues in Public Health Administration
PA 6677 3 Public Health Preparedness and Emergency Response
PA 6678 3 Introduction to Public Health
 
Public Human Resource Management*
PA 6604 3 Workforce Planning and Staffing
PA 6605 3 Training and Development
PA 6606 3 Issues in Managing the Public Workforce
PA 6643 3 Advanced Public Human Resources Management
*Students in Public Human Resources Management must take PA
6624 prior to taking any courses in this concentration.
     
Public Management
PA 6603 3 Economics for Public Management
PA 6607 3 Performance Measurement and Management for Public and Non-profit Organizations
PA 6620 3 Theory of Organizations
PA 6630 3 Strategic Planning
PA 6631 3 Program Evaluation
PA 6640 3 Intergovernmental Relations
PA 6644 3 Administrative Law
PA 6645 3 Managing Government Contracts
PA 6646 3 Organizational Behavior
PA 6665 3 Leadership in Public Administration
PA 6668 3 Grant Management for Public and Nonprofit Organizations
PA 6679 3 Computers and Government Management Information Systems
PA 66xx 3 Approved Adviser elective

Concentration Courses
PA 6625 Specialized Study in Public Administration or PA 6660 Readings in Public Administration may be utilized in any concentration with the prior approval of the Director of the MPA Program. In combination, these courses may not be used for more than six total credit hours. A course completed for one concentration cannot be used for another concentration.

Graduate Certificate in Government Contracting

Admission Requirements:

Applicants who want to pursue the Graduate Certificate in Government Contracting must be admitted to the Graduate School and MPA program. See Graduate Admissions and MPA Admission requirements.

Course Requirements:

The Graduate Certificate in Government Contracting requires the following four courses:

PA 6645 3 Managing Government Contracts
PA 6647 3 Advanced Contract Administration
PA 6648 3 Contract Negotiation
PA 6649 3 Government Contract Law

Admitted MPA students may qualify for the Certificate by completing the four required courses and maintaining an overall 3.0 GPA or better in order to meet certification requirement.

Other Requirements:

Students who wish to be issued a certificate must submit the following to their home campus:

  • Certification Intent
  • Copy of student transcript
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College of Arts and Sciences Degree Plans

 


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